This section consists of a list of associations that publish comparisons between cities, regions, or countries using some of the value dimensions included in the previous section as a reference or unit of comparison.

While not all sites listed here are necessarily about KBD or Knowledge Cities, they do make use of some of the value dimensions listed in this site.

Independent, privately operated website based in Montreal, Canada. Serves as a comprehensive source of continental and world rankings in an increasing number of categories.

A Roster of World Cities
lthough there is a general consensus on which are the leading world cities, there is no agreed upon roster covering world cities below the highest level. This paper reports the construction of an inventory of world cities based upon their level of advanced producer services. Global service centres are identified and graded for accountancy, advertising, banking/finance and law. Aggregating these results produces a roster of 55 world cities at three levels: 10 Alpha world cities, 10 Beta world cities and 35 Gamma world cities. These are found to be largely geographically concentrated in three 'globalization arenas', northern America, western Europe and Pacific Asia.

Comunites and local Goverment
Recent years have heralded an economic renaissance for the English Core Cities of Birmingham, Bristol, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Nottingham and Sheffield. Yet there are concerns that they still lag behind some of their European counterparts.

Council on Competitiveness
Calibrates the innovating capacity and global competitiveness of the U.S. economy. Analyzes national and international data on economic output and productivity, wages and personal income, job growth, saving and investment, trade performance, research and development, and venture capital, among others.

European Competitiveness Index
Examines and measures the competitiveness of Europe’s regions and nations. Variables: Creativity, Knowledge Economy, Sectorial Productivity Performance, Economic Performance, Infrastructure and Accessibility.

Economic Freedom Network Index
Brings the topic of economic freedom into mainstream public debate.

Environmental Sustainability Index
Measures overall progress towards environmental sustainability, in 142 countries. Permits cross-national comparisons of environmental progress in a systematic and quantitative fashion.

2005 Environmental Sustainability Index: Benchmarking National Environmental Stewardship
The Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI)benchmarks the ability of nations to Project the environment over the next several decades. It does so by integrating 76 data sets – Trucking natural resource endowments, past and present pollution levels.

Fast Cities 2007
30 Fast Cities around the globe, which we're presenting in nine categories, from Creative-Class Meccas to Green Leaders. We've also noted 20 locales on the verge of Fast City status, plus 5 Slow Cities--and 5 too fast for their own good.